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Panchakarma Therapy

1. Vamanam (emesis)
In this procedure patients are induced to vomit. This stage is for purifying your chest and stomach. When there is congestion in the lungs causing repeated attacks of bronchitis, cold and cough. Vamanam is administrated to eliminate the Kapha causing the excess mucus. All Kapha related diseases are cured by this therapy. This treatment is a cure for chronic respiratory problems and allergic skin disorders. Etc.

2. Virechanam (purgation)
It is purgation process, which concentrates on purifying your entire body along with vascular system. Pitha diseases are cured by this process. This eliminates the toxic or waste matters from the intestine by administrating therapeutic purgation or a therapeutic laxative. In case of jaundice, piles also Virechanam is given... This method also helps us to get rid of various skin related problem.

Ayurveda, the science of life

Evolved around 600bc in India. The word ‘Ayurveda’ originates from two root words “Ayu & Veda”. ‘Ayu’ means life & ‘Veda’ means the knowledge i.e. Science of life is ayurveda. It’s a complete naturalistic system of medicine. The aim of this science is prevention of diseases as well as curing them.

“Swasthasya Swaasthya Samrakshanam Athurasya Vikara Prasamanam”

i.e. Maintaining the Health of a Healthy Individual & To Cure the Ailment of a Diseased Person.

Ayurvedic science has close relation with the great Indian culture. It is the traditional health science of India. It is considered as an upaveda of adarvaveda followed by Aryans and Dravidians, it is followed ever since. Ayurveda is more than just a medical system. It follows the laws of nature to bring the individual back into equilibrium with their true life. It teaches us “how to live “or “how to lead a perfect life” or “how to maintain a healthy body and mind”. This treatment takes the man as whole i.e. body and mind. These two things are related to each other. Without a healthy mind there won’t be a healthy body and vice versa.

Principle of Ayurveda

It is based on Tridosha Theory i.e. The humors of our body called Vata, Pitta and Kapha. The equilibrium of these three humors maintains health, and vitiation of any one of these causes’ diseases.

Ayurveda consider human body is made up of five major elements called ‘ pancha maha bhootas’. They are ether (akasha), air (vaayu), fire (agni), earth (prithvi), water (jala).

These Tridoshas, Vata Pitta & Kapha got originated from Pancha Maha Bhootas. I.e. vata originates from ether and air, pitta from fire and water, kapha from prithvi and water.

Of these only vata has got the ability of movement. By this property it governs or direct the nerve impulse, circulation, respiration and elimination. Pitta helps in metabolism ie anabolism and catabolism. Kapha helps in growth and protection in the form of body fluid like Cerebro Spinal Fluid (CSF) in the brain and spinal cord. Ayurveda takes not only the disease into consideration, but the individual is taken as a whole. It uses the natural herbo minerals in the treatments.

The ‘Ayu’ includes a combination of body, mind, senses and soul. The healthy state of these promotes a healthy individual.

Ayurvedic Genesis

The ancient science “Ayurveda” which got its origin from our great sages or Acharyas. There were different opinions about its origin. On close study we can understand the fact that this great science had originated by the time since the world came into existence.
According to our Acharyas, who propagate this treatment and theories, it got its origin from Lord Brahma, the creator of all living beings. He gave this theory to Daksha Prajapati; he then gives this to Aswani Kumaras, then to Lord Indra and so on. He gives the secret of Ayurvedic science to his disciple with a great wish to cure the diseases of humans in the earth and to make them to lead a healthy life.
In ancient period it has been studied as Gurukula manner but now these changes into a great extent. Now there were separate colleges for studying this medical science under the degree “Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery” (BAMS).

It has got 8 divisions i.e. ‘Ashtangas’ They are:
Kaya chikilsa ( general medicine)
Bala Chiliksa ( pediatric medicine)
Graha Chikilsa ( psychiatric medicine)
Urdwanga Chikilsa ( ENT)
Salya chikilsa (orthopedic, surgery etc)
Damshtra (Forensic & toxicology)
Jara (Rasayana Chikilsa / Rejuvenation therapy)
Vrisha ( Vajeekarana Chikilsa / aphrodisiac treatment)

Prime Treatments in Ayurveda

Abhyangam
Special type of oil massage in which strokes are given according to the diseases for 45 minutes. This treatment is very useful for obesity, especially for diabetic Gangrene (a condition due to lack of blood circulation in the extremes of the body) etc.

Pizhichil (Kayasekam)
This is one of the special massages for rejuvenating the whole body. The prescribed medicated oil is applied on the head and the entire body, is covered with medicated oil. In this treatment the patient lies on the Droni (a wooden bed specially designed for the purpose). Next a piece of linen dipped in warm medicated oil is squeezed on to the patient’s body as the body is continuously massaged. The massage is very slowly with light pressure. This massage protects you from illnesses and improves your immune system adding vitality and health to your life. It also aids in the healing of rheumatic diseases, blood pressure, pain in the joints and diabetes.

Sirodhara
Sirodhara is performed on patients as an effective nervine tonic and as a remedy for psychosomatic disorders. It is very important that this treatment is conducted by using preparations exactly as per the Ayurvedic prescriptions for getting excellent results. 'Dhara'; the name is derived from the process of pouring medicines continuously on the forehead According to the type of liquid used, Sirodhara can be classified into three

Thailadhara Sirodhara with medicated oil.
Thailadhara is good for various types of nervous disorders like hemiplegia, facial palsy etc.

THAKRADHARA Sirodhara with medicated buttermilk
This therapy is used in cases of memory loss, severe headache and insanity. The patient lies on a wooden bed in a comfortable position and is covered with a liberal application of the medicated oil on the head and body. A specially designed apparatus is filled with the medicated oil and placed at a specific height. The masseur then swings the apparatus back and forth so that the oil flows continuously and gently across the forehead. The head is then dried with a towel and again oil is applied to the head. This treatment can also be done for a specific part or the whole body, depending on the ailment. It promotes rejuvenation and revitalization of the human mind and body, diminishing the effect of ageing. It is a special massage therapy for stress & strain.

Ksheeradhara – Sirodhara with medicated milk.
Ksheeradhara is good for making the head cool for insomnia.

Dhanyamla Dhara (Warm herbal liquid)
Warm herbal liquid is poured all over the body in a rhythmic way through a special vessel for 45 minutes to 1 hour. This treatment is very effective for hemiplegia, paralysis, rheumatic complaints etc.

Kizhi
In this treatment the whole body is made to perspire by the external application of medicated packs in the form of boluses tied in cloth bags. The packs are made up of Rice (Njavarakizhi), herbal powder (Choorna Kizhi), lime (Naaranga Kizhi), seeds (Dhaanya Kizhi) herbal leaves (Elakizhi) the treatment is useful in musculoskeletal disorders, degenerative conditions and neurological problems etc.

PODIKIZHI
A type of massage with cloth bags filled with herbal powder, which will be warmed frequently. Effective for inflammatory joint problems and primary stage of hemiplegia.

NJAVARAKIZHI
Medicated oil is first applied liberally over the patient’s body. Then the body is massaged with small linen bags filled with cooked Navara rice. The rice is cooked by boiling it in cow’s milk along with suitable. The linen bags filled with rice are dipped in the same mixture kept boiling over a gentle flame and applied by masseurs at a comfortable temperature over the whole body of the patient. Njavarakizhi is a special massage, which rejuvenates the body. It is very effective in degenerative muscle diseases like poliomyelitis muscular atrophy etc. It is more effective when done immediately after Pizhichil treatment.

ELAKIZHI
Herbal poultices (bundles) are prepared with various herbs and medicated powders. These poultices are warmed in medicated oils and used to massage the entire body, neck, shoulders, hands and back, shifting the person from side to side. This massage can promote better circulation within the affected area thereby promoting increased perspiration, which helps the skin to eliminate wastes. It also helps to tone the skin and can be superbly relaxing.

DHANYA KIZHI
This is a form of treatment in which powdered cereals and pulses are bundled into a bolus, warmed and applied all over the body. This helps to reduce joint pains in patients with rheumatoid fever. It also helps in weight reduction.

Vasthi Certain herbal oils, herbal extracts etc., are applied through the rectum. This treatment is for arthritis, paralysis, hemiplegic, numbness, gastric complaints associated with rheumatism and constant constipation.

Uravasthi
Warm medicated oil is kept over the chest for 45 minutes. This is an effective treatment for asthma, other respiratory problems, heart diseases and muscular chest pain.

Siravasthi
It is yet another efficient treatment method in which oil is retained on the head in a special captied over the forehead. Past experience has proved that this treatment is an excellent remedy for bell’s palsy, headache and various neurological disorders connected with brain. Sirovasthi is performed under the expert guidance of the team of doctors, who supervise the procedure throughout

Kativasthi
Very effective in the treatment of various type of back pain. In this procedure bulk of oil is kept on the back in a special manner.

Pichu Cotton pieces soaked in warm medicated oils are applied on the affected parts. This cotton will be wet with warm oil frequently. Effective pain relieving method for muscles and joints. It can be done on head also for some types of headaches and problem of sense organs.

Nasyam
From the shoulders up the patient’s body is massaged causing it to perspire. The medicine in exact dose is measured and poured into the nostrils, as the patient inhales. During the process the area around the nose, neck, shoulders, palms & feet are rubbed. This is very effective in ailments such as sinusitis, migraine, chronic cold and chest congestion.

Snehapanam
Medicated ghee is given internally in a proportionally increased quantity for a period of 8 to 12 days. This treatment is for osteo arthritis, Psoriaris, leukemia etc.

Udvarthanam
Very effective treatment for weight reduction and improving skin complexion. In this procedure medicated powder is rubbed all over the body in upward direction.

Nethra Tharpanam
Well melted and strained medicated ghee will be collected in a ridge made around the eyes with black gram paste. This is an effective treatment for refractive errors and degenerative diseases of the eyes

Lepanam
This is a process by which medicated herbal paste is applied on the affected part. This is usually done to reduce swelling, pain or inflammation of the joints. Also used to treat some skin diseases

Mukha Lepanam
An herbal powder is mixed with cow's milk and applied on the face. It is kept for one hour and then washed. This is a herbal face pack. This helps to remove wrinkles and black marks, improve the skin tone and imparts a special glow to the face.

Shirolepanam (Thalapothichil)
The head is covered with Amla (Indian gooseberry) paste prepared in buttermilk or some decoctions suitable for the condition. The head is covered with a banana leaf. After 45 minutes the paste is removed and the head is wiped clean. This treatment is very good in the case of hair loss, dandruff, graying, insomnia, low blood pressure (BP) and chronic sinusitis
Avagaha Swedam
After some oil applications, the patient will be seated in a tub full of hot herbal decoction suitable for patient's condition. For the diseases of spinal cord, hip and lower back. Also helpful in gynecological conditions.

Upanaha Swedam
A poultice containing herbal pastes with some acidic liquids which will be applied on the affected parts and covered with leaves of calotropis, ricinus etc. and on top with cotton cloth. This will be retained on position at least for 12 hours day or night. For inflammatory joint pains which helps to reduce stiffness and improve mobility of the joints.

Putapakam
Herbal juice mixed with goat's milk is collected around the eyes similarly as in Nethra Tharpanam. Relieves tiredness of the eyes due to Nethra Tharpanam and to clear vision.

Aaschyothanam
Application of eye drops. Helpful in conditions like various eye infections, cataract etc.

Anjanam
Rejuvenation Therapy of neck & above by administration of Herbal extract to the eye. Application of Herbal extract with Honey or Rosewater inside the eyes helps to remove foreign bodies, removes itching and burning sensation in the eyes due to exposure to allergens.

Nethrasekam
This is a process of cleaning the eyes using running medicated water. It is recommended for relaxing and soothing the eyes and the optical nerves that have been subject to stress and strain.
Yani Prakshalanam
Herbal oils and decoctions are applied through the vaginal route. This treatment is good for gynecological disorders. It is also a purification process for genital organs.

Ksheeradhoomam
Steaming the patients face and neck with medicated milk steams. Most important treatment in facial paralysis, diseases of the sense organs etc.

Thalam
Special powder mixed with medicated oil applying on the top of the head for 20 to 45 minutes. This treatment is helpful for ENT problems, insomnia, migraine etc.

Dhoomapanam
This treatment makes the head, respiratory system and sense organs clean and healthy. In this treatment, herbs or herbal powders are burnt in fire and the smoke is inhaled. It is done for a period of one to seven days. Dhoomapanam is an ideal treatment for bronchial asthma, sinusitis, upper and lower respiratory tract infections.

Gandhoosham
Filling the ear with few drops of medicated oil in ears. This helps to clean the ear and protect from infection.

Kabalam
This therapy requires the retention, movement and gargling of medicated oil or decoction in the mouth. This process is highly beneficial for ear, nose, throat disorders and improving the voice while bringing a glow to the face.